list of curses in deuteronomy 28

A comparable situation is found in Jeremiah 34: 18 I will make the men who violated My covenant, who did not fulfill the terms of the covenant which they made before Me, like the calf which they cut in two so as to pass between the halves: 19 The officers of Judah and Jerusalem, the officials, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the halves of the calf. Duane Christensen: The center of this structure (vv 3031) contains a list of calamities that essentially undo the blessings of vv 4, 8, and 11. 40You shall have olive trees throughout all your territory, but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil; for your olives shall drop off. i. This rules out negotiations and contributes to horror. (:20-46) DETAILED CURSES DUE TO DISOBEDIENCE, Variety of Curses Leading to Destruction Due to Wicked Covenant Disloyalty. The fourth term, which means feverish heat, could refer to either category (an illness [Craigie, 343] or severe heat [NIV; Merrill, Deuteronomy, 359]). 8:7), could this practice of Targum have also played a role in any aural ceremony? 60Moreover He will bring back on you all (AS)the diseases of Egypt, of which you were afraid, and they shall cling to you. No less tragic and stark would be the reversal of the covenant promise concerning the land. Oxford: Oxford University Press. WebIn this section Moses identified about four times as many curses as he had listed previous blessings (Deuteronomy 28:1-14). WebChapter 28 is not about reward, because blessing and curses were mere sanctions. (:36) Physical Opposition Oppressive Captivity, The LORD will bring you and your king, whom you shall set over you, to a nation which neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall serve other gods, wood and stone., 2. God wanted His people to know that when these calamities struck, they would recognize the hand of the Lord and not think it was a series of coincidences. DepartmentBldg Tucson, AZ 85721 TEL 520-621-6897 FAX 520-626-9014. 2. 60He will bring on you all the diseases of Egypt(CE) that you dreaded, and they will cling to you. 18 The fruit of your womb will be cursed, and the crops of your land, and the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks. 29And you shall (N)grope at noonday, as a blind man gropes in darkness; you shall not prosper in your ways; you shall be only oppressed and plundered continually, and no one shall save you. (:59-62) Overturning of Previous Blessings into Extraordinary Curses, a. (:30-33) Emotional Frustration Due to Violated Expectations = Futility Curses, You shall betroth a wife, but another man shall violate her;. WebThe curses listed are Gods actively reversing all the blessings he would bestow on his people. Their refusal to trust in their covenantal Lord led to their rebellion and idolatry and, eventually, to their experience of covenantal curse. Eugene Merrill: To fail to serve would result in Israels being given over to another sovereign whom they would serve until they were utterly decimated (v. 48). GameStop Moderna Pfizer Johnson & Johnson AstraZeneca Walgreens Best Buy Novavax SpaceX Tesla. God had delivered her from bondage in Egypt, but the people would voluntarily return to that misery and in such a humiliated condition that no Egyptian would purchase them as slaves. WebThese gentle blessings are followed by the tocheichah, a long list of curses (Deuteronomy 28:15-68), whose number (traditionally the rabbis count ninety-eight of them! Because Israel did not serve God, it will serve the enemy (vv. WebDeuteronomy 29:20-28New International Version. Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. The service this time would not be marked by joy (im ) and gladness (b b l b b, lit., with goodness of heart) but with their very opposite, destitution and deprivation. Start your free trial today! SAA, II; Helsinki: Helsinki University Press. 4, 11, 18) Harvest of crops Fruit of thy cattle ( vv. And the heaven which is over your head shall be bronze. 51And they shall eat the increase of your livestock and the produce of your land, until you are destroyed; they shall not leave you grain or new wine or oil, or the increase of your cattle or the offspring of your flocks, until they have destroyed you. . 4, 11) Offspring of your cows Plenteous ( v. 11) To have many Vexation ( v. 20) Confusion and frustration Rebuke ( v. 20) Reprimand, scold Pestilence ( v. 21) Plagues, diseases Cleave ( vv. WebLeviticus chapter 26 verses 14-46 speaks of the curses/punishments that would come upon Israel if they chose to disobey the laws of Yah. Here animals are cut in two, before a flaming torch passes between the two parts of the animals in a symbolic procession. If you have any questions, please review our Privacy Policy or email us at privacy@biblegateway.com. license, Tempe | 90 views, 3 likes, 0 loves, 10 comments, 1 shares, Facebook Watch Videos from First Baptist Church - Tempe: First Baptist Church of Tempe April 30, 2023 Live Stream License # 145555 40 You shall have olive trees throughout your territory but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil, for your olives shall drop off. WebThe Curses of Mount Ebal. A. Eugene Merrill: The inevitable calamities that befall the disobedient nation would be indelibly engraved in their memories and forever after would witness to the truth that the Lord and his covenant will cannot be flaunted. What did it mean to be devoted to destruction? (CU) 68The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never make again. Thus decrease in population and eviction from the land answer point by point (and in the same order) the matching blessings of number and land in the original promise passages (Gen 15:5-7; 17:4-8). Whereas the imprecations of 27:1526 and 28:1519 are formulaic in nature, the curses in verses 2068 are cast in impassioned rhetorical style and expound in exhaustive detail the reversal of the blessings specified in verses 713. He demonstrated his stupendous power and willingness to intervene in their behalf on numerous occasions. WebThe most important lists of covenant blessings and curses are found in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28. 27:1-28:68). 2003. Eugene Merrill: The intensity of the distress is emphasized by the fact that parents would eat their children, their only hope of earthly remembrance and posterity (v. 53). Deuteronomy 28:1 Deuteronomy 28:5. In Joshua 24, a large stone acts as witness to all the words that the Lord spoke to us. A standing stone is also utilized in the ratification of the covenant between two human actors, so Jacob and Laban in Genesis 31; while it is a tamarisk tree that marks the spot of the agreement between Abraham and Abimelech in Genesis 21. 38You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little,(AS) because locusts(AT) will devour(AU) it. 127:1; Job 31:8; and Prov. Join us. . The best value in digital Bible study. Both Deuteronomy and ancient Near Eastern treaty texts feature a similar structure with a historical prologue before a section of legal material and finally blessings and curses. 20, 45, 47, 62). Deuteronomy 28:1 - And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: Deuteronomy 28:2 - And all 1619) are the negative counterpart to the opening blessings (vv. This is the summation The Lord your God will bless you in the land he is giving you.. 9 The Lord will establish you as his holy people, as he Deu 28:55 So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children 53Because of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege, you will eat the fruit of the womb, the flesh of the sons and daughters the Lord your God has given you. The catalogue of seven afflictions expresses Yahwehs sovereignty over all agents of death and destruction. If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law which are written in this book, to fear this honored and awesome name, the LORD your God,. Duane Christensen: The structure of 28:4568 may be outlined in a similar five-part concentric structure, a wheel within a wheel: A These curses will pursue you until you are destroyed 28:45, B Israels utter privationin lack of everything 28:4648, X Military siege and the undoing of Gods blessings 28:4952, B Israel reduced to cannibalismin lack of everything 28:5357, A Complete reversal of Israels history until you are destroyed 28:5868. The image of the woman who becomes hostile even toward her afterbirth is shocking (vv. Whereas verse 20 declares that Yahwehs actions against Israel are precipitated by the peoples evil deeds and their abandonment of Yahweh, verse 45 specifies the offenses as refusing to obey Yahweh, not keeping his commands and decrees. Supported by: On the other hand, a number of scholars have been wary to posit a direct literary relationship between the Succession Treaties and the book of Deuteronomy, usually due to their reticence to attribute the kind of Akkadian literacy that this would necessitate to the Hebrew scribes who wrote the biblical text (e.g., Morrow 2005; Crouch 2014). 18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram. Their carcasses shall become food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth. And He will bring back on you all the diseases of Egypt of which you were afraid, and they shall cling to you. Whereas verse 20 has Yahweh dispatching the agents of Israels doom, verse 45 compares the curses to an animal pursuing and overtaking its prey. Placing the biblical curses within the larger context of this ancient Near Eastern material provides new insights into the background and function of the curses in the book of Deuteronomy. They will come at you from one direction but flee from you in seven. Deut 1:10; 10:22). 29 Apr 2023 22:28:03 15 - 42Locusts shall [h]consume all your trees and the produce of your land. Daniel Block: The curses in verses 2729a, 34 threaten the personal health of the Israelites. 39You shall plant vineyards and tend them, but you shall neither drink of the (AB)wine nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them. Both the biblical and inscriptional texts seem to demonstrate a large body of rites and rituals that would have come along with the formalization of a treaty or covenant. 18Cursed shall be the [a]fruit of your body and the produce of your land, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flocks. Instead, the heavens would rain down dust, which would only exacerbate an already hopeless situation on the earth (v. 24; cf. 61The Lord will also bring on you every kind of sickness and disaster not recorded in this Book of the Law,(CF) until you are destroyed. Your donkey will be forcibly taken from you and will not be returned. Get our Question of the Week delivered right to your inbox! If increased population is a sign of the blessing of covenant fidelity, population decline is a sign of covenant unfaithfulness. (5) The enemy will be heartless, showing no respect for the aged or mercy toward the young. Hebrew. 39You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine(AV) or gather the grapes, because worms will eat(AW) them. (R) 24The Lord will turn the rain(S) of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed. The LORD will smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with the sword and with blight and with mildew, and they shall pursue you until you perish.. (AD) You will plant a vineyard, but you will not even begin to enjoy its fruit. WebA retired old guy who loves people and is happy to share my (FREE) advice, mistakes, valuable career and life lessons, wisdom - and plenty of funny stuff, too. Weinfeld, Moshe. 2. What does it mean that you are the head and not the tail in Deuteronomy 28:13? Indeed, the text in Deuteronomy seems to build upon and amplify the Akkadian, adding additional clauses that stress the perpetuity of the curse, so you shall never recover with none to give help. 26:1439; Josh. You will be unsuccessful in everything you do; day after day you will be oppressed and robbed, with no one to rescue(AB) you. Disobedient to the Lord, however, would mean that God would no longer fight for His people. Our Challenge: We will publicly debate any "Bible Theologian" on the curses By Laura Quick All seven terms can be associated with heat. Here God chastises the men who violated his covenant, recalling when they had passed between the two halves of a sacrificed calf, and threatening that he will make these men like that calf. (:49-52) Relentless Tactics of the Lords Agents of Destruction, 1. How did these parallels come into existence? A people whom you do not know shall eat up the produce of your ground and all your labors, and you shall never be anything but oppressed and crushed continually., And you shall be driven mad by the sight of what you see., The LORD will strike you on the knees and legs with sore boils, from which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head.. 11:17). (:64) Scattered and Subjected to Foreign Bondage, Moreover, the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth; and there you shall serve other gods, wood and stone, which you or your fathers have not known., And among those nations you shall find no rest, and there shall be no resting place for the sole of your foot; but there the LORD will give you a trembling heart, failing of eyes, and despair of soul. 34So you shall be driven mad because of the sight which your eyes see. Whereas in verse 20 Yahweh commissions a triad of agents of doom against Israel, verse 45 replaces these with a triad of verbs. (8 The Lord will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. See also Deuteronomy 28:2 in other biblical comments: Adam Clarke Bible Commentary. 1:4; Ps. Peter Craigie: It is more likely that there was a body of common conceptions in the Near East associated with curses, whether in treaties, law codes, or other types of texts. New Translation Selector Translation Colors. 1. (:51) Comprehensive Consumption by the Attacking Enemy, Moreover, it shall eat the offspring of your herd and the produce of your ground until you are destroyed, who also leaves you no grain, new wine, or oil, nor the increase of your herd or the young of your flock until they have caused you to perish., 3. Esarhaddon was the third king of the Sargonid Dynasty of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, and the Succession Treaties are the formal record of a treaty concerning the royal succession of Esarhaddons chosen heir, his son Assurbanipal, in Assyria, written in 672 BCE. 12:11; Job 31:10; Jer. WebDeuteronomy 28 1 If you fully obey the LORD your God and carefully follow all his commands I give you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations Like an eagle swooping down on his prey, he will attack his targets suddenly and without warning. 4:27, 28; Neh. WebHebrew Interlinear :: Deuteronomy 28:5 (WLC KJV) Search. Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson. (:63-68) Hopeless Condition How Bad Will It Get? Skip Next. Everything the people of Israel have will be taken by those who conquer them: their fiances will be raped, their homes and vineyards taken, their oxen slaughtered, their asses and sheep stolen, their children enslaved, and their produce consumed. Deuteronomy 28:1 - And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: Deuteronomy 28:2 - And all WebThe Curses Deuteronomy 28 Leviticus 26 Blessings & Curses The Prophecy The True Israelites The Second Exodus The Other Nations The Lost Books Intermediates Teach Us To Pray Prayer Catalogue The Living Enoch Calendar The True Church The True Purpose & Duty Of Men The True Purpose & Duty Of Women Advanced The Spiritual Kingdom Continues after advertising. gain access to 50+ premium resources to enhance your study of Scripture. Finish. He will put an iron yoke(BK) on your neck(BL) until he has destroyed you. WebIn the same connection Deuteronomy 27:15-26 contain a list of crimes which are visited with a curse and no blessings; this cannot be the proclamation of blessing and cursing which is here required. 36:121; Jer. Sign up now for the latest news and deals from Bible Gateway! (:47-57) DESTRUCTIVE CONSEQUENCES OF A SIEGE BY FOREIGN ENEMIES. (:49-50) Ruthless Resolve of the Attacking Enemy, The LORD will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as the eagle swoops down, a nation whose language you shall not understand, 50 a nation of fierce countenance who shall have no respect for the old, nor show favor to the young.. Deuteronomy 28 and the Aramaic Curse Tradition. Whereas verse 20 identifies the targets of doom as the work of the Israelites hands, verse 45 identifies the Israelites themselves as the targets. (AI) 35The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils(AJ) that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head. Thus the long and solemn sermon on the curse of God provides a final incentive for wholehearted commitment in renewing the covenant. 4, 11, 18, 53) Children Fruit of thy ground ( vv. Deuteronomy. There will be no relief until the Lord has finished you off (lit., destroyed you, v. 21) in the land. If Israel asked how life may be filled with hope, in the enjoyment of Gods blessing and with 2. 31Your ox shall be slaughtered before your eyes, but you shall not eat of it; your donkey shall be violently taken away from before you, and shall not be restored to you; your sheep shall be given to your enemies, and you shall have no one to rescue them. Moses highlights Israels hopelessness by punctuating the litany of disasters with declarations of the absence of any relief. See Also:Deuteronomy 28 and the Aramaic Curse Tradition(Oxford Theology and Religion Monographs; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). The short opening set of curses (vv. [] 17 When the sun set and it was very dark, there appeared a smoking oven, and a flaming torch which passed between those pieces. Root Strong's. 4748). The potential actions of God described in the verses that follow are not the mindless or capricious acts of an unknown and malevolent deity; they are the just acts of a righteous God whose covenant love would have been spurned by his own people. 49(AI)The Lord will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, (AJ)as swift as the eagle flies, a nation whose language you will not understand, 50a nation of fierce countenance, (AK)which does not respect the elderly nor show favor to the young. These curses are not just speech acts: the text is explicit that an accompanying rite is meant to posit the association between the broken object and the cursed individual. Deuteronomy 29:27 chapter context similar meaning copy save. Web15 Curses for Disobedience 1. The full measure of the divine curse would come on Israel when its disobedience had been hardened into disregard for the glorious and awesome character of God. Eugene Merrill: Most immediately, however, destruction and ruin would come through disease, blight, and unremitting drought. The imbalance [between blessings and curses] finds an obvious reason in light of the purpose of the exposition of the curses in the address of Moses. Translations. They will leave you no grain, new wine(BR) or olive oil,(BS) nor any calves of your herds or lambs of your flocks until you are ruined. 17:4, 6; 24:12, 14; 25:7, 11; 2 Chr. Michael Grisanti: The pair signs and wonders commonly signifies anything that testifies to Yahwehs presence and power (Dt 4:34; 7:19; 26:8; 29:3 [2]; Jer 32:21). (:54-55) Monstrous Cannibalism by Even the Most Refined Man, The man who is refined and very delicate among you shall be hostile toward his brother and toward the wife he cherishes and toward the rest of his children who remain, 55 so that he will not give even one of them any of the flesh of his children which he shall eat, since he has nothing else left, during the siege and the distress by which your enemy shall oppress you in all your towns., 3. (AK), 36The Lord will drive you and the king(AL) you set over you to a nation unknown to you or your ancestors. Skip Next. (BC) They will be the head, but you will be the tail.(BD). WebDeuteronomy 28 Fruit of thy body ( vv. Smoak, Jeremy D. 2008. (Q) 23The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron. There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes(CS) weary with longing, and a despairing heart. Deuteronomy 28 cannot be understood apart from the Northwest Semitic tradition of the futility curse. 25The Lord will cause you to be defeated(T) before your enemies. (E), 18The fruit of your womb will be cursed, and the crops of your land, and the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks. Blight apparently refers to premature drying of grain growing in the fields, perhaps because of the desiccating effect of scorching east wind. This was clearly a judgment on covenant violation as the repetition of the conditional protasis clause (because you did not obey the LORD your God) puts beyond doubt. At the same time, the Esarhaddon Treaties still provide the conceptual framework for these curses. 46They will be a sign and a wonder to you and your descendants forever. The last three describe climatic or agricultural conditions. Web1. 2 Sam 24:13; 1 Kgs 8:37; Ezek 5:12; Amos 4:10), but in its finality it speaks metaphorically of the affliction of deportation (Lev 26:25) or disinheritance (Num 14:12). 28 and the Assyrian texts indicate that they have drawn on these resources, but in both texts they have been adapted to their immediate context. The inscriptions are the first and only treaties that have been found in Aramaic, a Northwest Semitic language closely related to Hebrew (for the text see Donner and Rllig 2002; vocalization and translation is my own). At critical junctures Moses inserts reminders of the causes of these disasters. B. 2017. As with the list of blessings, after a short general set in the passive voice, stating that Israel will be cursed everywhere and all the time, the text continues with further curses in which God is the active agent against Israel. Deuteronomy 28:16 (KJV) Cursed shalt (:56-57) Monstrous Cannibalism by Even the Most Refined Woman, The refined and delicate woman among you, who would not venture to set the sole of her foot on the ground for delicateness and refinement, shall be hostile toward the husband she cherishes and toward her son and daughter, 57 and toward her afterbirth which issues from between her legs and toward her children whom she bears; for she shall eat them secretly for lack of anything else, during the siege and the distress by which your enemy shall oppress you in your towns.. 68And the Lord (BF)will take you back to Egypt in ships, by the way of which I said to you, (BG)You shall never see it again. And there you shall be offered for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one will buy you.. No. WebThis is the list Ive come up withbut again I want to recommend you go to that passage in Deuteronomy 28, the last 53 verses and read them for yourself. The second speech thus has the pattern of first giving the bigger, governing principles (Deut. A. That it would sprout thorns. (:37) Psychological Opposition Humiliating Disgrace, And you shall become a horror, a proverb, and a taunt among all the people where the LORD will drive you., 3. A pair of identical clauses highlights Yahwehs role in Israels future disaster (vv. The contrast is further defined by v. 63: just as the Lord had increased Israels numbers and prosperity, he would, in judgment, decrease them in the day of his wrath. No software to install. Hebrew Root. Kanaanische und aramische Inschriften 1(Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz). Meanwhile, across the corpus of Old Aramaic inscriptions, there are nineteen occurrences of the futility curse, stemming from three separate inscriptions datable within the range of the ninth to the eighth centuries BCE, and with a geographic distribution across the Trans- and Cisjordan: from the Tell Fakhariyah bilingual inscription (x6); the Sefire treaties (x11); and the recently discovered stele from Bukn (x2). (BX) 56The most gentle and sensitive(BY) woman among youso sensitive and gentle that she would not venture to touch the ground with the sole of her footwill begrudge the husband she loves and her own son or daughter(BZ) 57the afterbirth from her womb and the children she bears. 6:15; Deuteronomy The nature of the sickness is unclear since the generic term deber is used (v. 21). 1:6 (x4); Zech. 26:29; 2 Kin. Translations. Your Your sheep will be given to your enemies, and no one will rescue them. Daniel Block: In verse 22 Moses becomes more specific, listing seven afflictions with which Yahweh will strike his people. 19:9; Lam. Assistant Professor of Religion and Judaic Studies Moreover, the reduction of numbers from the uncountable stars to the remnant is a deliberate harking back to the covenant promise made to Abraham that his offspring would be as multitudinous as the stars (Gen 15:5; 22:17; cf. Cuneiform Literacy and Deuteronomic Composition,Bibliotheca Orientalis62: 204-213. 15However, if you do not obey(A) the Lord your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today,(B) all these curses will come on you and overtake you:(C), 16You will be cursed in the city and cursed in the country. WebIn the third portion, Moses describes the blessings Israel will face if they keep the covenant, and the curses that will destroy them if they do not (Deut. (:58-62) Final Warning What Will Happen If You Disobey Gods Law? Also every sickness and every plague which, not written in the book of this law, the LORD will bring on you until you are destroyed.. Daniel Block: Verses 4950 characterize Yahwehs agent of doom with five bold brushstrokes, each of which intensifies the terror of Israels demise. WebDeuteronomy 28 Leviticus 26 (More Curses) Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: Leviticus Chapter 26 Verses 14 - 46 speak of the CURSES / PUNISHMENTS that would come upon Israel if they chose to disobey the laws of Yah. The nation that was as numerous as the stars in the sky (v. 62) would end up with a comparative handful of people. What are the curses God promised Israel for disobedience? 20The Lord will send on you curses,(H) confusion and rebuke(I) in everything you put your hand to, until you are destroyed and come to sudden ruin(J) because of the evil(K) you have done in forsaking him. Nu 1314; Dt 1:28) or resorted to other sources of strength (political alliances, idolatry, etc.). 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list of curses in deuteronomy 28